We believe that some of you were wondering how pilots recognize where to park the aircraft at the airport. We can give you an answer!
People, who are responsible for directing aircraft in the right position, are called marshallers. They do so by applying marshalling signals. With the help of these gestures they can do their job without any faults.
Body signals help to communicate with pilot visually without saying a word. Therefore, marshalling is an alternative to a radio communication.
The main guidelines to marshallers are to stand in a prominent area and do not endanger aircraft. They may not combine additional hand or arm gestures and to go backwards during the performance.
Take a look at the ramp hand signals and their meaning!
1. Identify gate/attract attention
2. Continue to taxi straight ahead
3. Slow down
4. Turn right (from the pilot’s point of view)
5. Turn left (from the pilot’s point of view)
6. Proceed at your own direction
7. Normal stop
8. Emergency stop
9. Set brakes
10. Release brakes
11. Cut engines
12. Connect power
13. Disconnect power
15. Chocks inserted
16. Chocks removed
17. Start engines
18. Engine/brake fire
19. All clear
21. Supply air from air starter
22. Begin push back
23. Pins removed